There is little difference in aspect between siddha-ayurveda medicines presented on the tray and biomedical remedies. Capsules and tablets made with curanam, parpam and centuram tend to replace the powders, under the form of which they were consumed, and which, nowadays, disgust patients because of the taste. By imitating biomedical medicaments, siddha drugs gain a modern and scientific connotation.
Certain medicinal oils, herbal extracts or pastes of fresh leaves used for their antibacterial healing properties, are applied on the sores which are, sometimes, very deep and infected, like on the three photographies which respectively show a ulcerated wound to a diabetic, a carbuncle to a partially paralysed woman and a bedsore to a tetraplegic patient.
The way paved with small pebbles serves for patients who suffer from a blood flow disruption and who lost their equilibrium after vascular or neurological accident. The old lady on the way is suffering of a serious motor imbalance and sporadic violent shaking since many years.
The talam is a treatment provided for people with mental or neurological disorders. A mixture of dried medicinal plants put in powder (curanam), is combined with fresh blood of a chicken. This paste is applied on the shaved head of the patient. He must stay like that, under the sun for four hours, then, he takes a bath. In the past, the blood came from female peacocks. The slaughter of a peacock is now banned because it is the national animal.
The nasiyam therapy is practised in cases of congestion of upper respiratory tract and acute headaches. The technique is to introduce an medicated oil in the nostrils, and with the help of a tube, to blow in the nostrils for spreading the oil in the sinuses. This therapy is not easily tolerated by patients who get nausea during half an hour to one hour. This therapy belongs also to pańcakarma, the most famous ayurvedic therapy.
The sweating is an ayurvedic therapy, belonging to pańcakarma. It is practised in some hospitals located near Kerala or in clinics held by practitioners who hope to attract a rich clientele.